What is REST, or what does it mean to be RESTful? It seems to mean something a bit different for everyone, when looking at various API implementations and their documentation. When examining different materials on the art of web API design, one eventually stumbles upon one particular name. Roy Fielding, a computer scientist who was member of the team behind HTTP 1.1 and URI specifications. During this undertaking he created a set of principles around HTTP object model that culminated in his PhD dissertation “Architectural Styles and the Design of Network-based Software Architectures” published in 2000. Probably not too many people in software development industry read PhD dissertations, but I’ve decided to do that, and extract the essence in this article.
First part of the thesis introduces various preliminary notions relevant in consequent parts. We learn the definition of Software Architecture and its elements including components, connectors and data. Then we proceed to Read the rest of this entry »